Civic belief systems in Chinese citizenship education

Research output: Contribution to conferencePapers


The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the Chinese approach to citizenship education through the lens of civic belief systems. Engaging in beliefs and believing is crucial for developing any form education for citizenship. Yet both belief systems and citizenship education are constructed in social, cultural and political contexts so differences can be expected where these contexts differ. The chapter will discuss the changing belief systems within China over time and between China and the West. Two particular belief systems, nationalism and politics will be highlighted. The chapter argues that conceptualizations of citizenship and citizenship education are employed by intellectual and political elites to establish ‘consensus’ and ‘solidarity’ for shaping citizens’ civic identity in the Chinese context. Copyright © 2021 (15th) APNME Annual Online Conference.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


Zhao, Z., Wang, X., & Kennedy, K. (2021, July). Civic belief systems in Chinese citizenship education [Cisco Webex]. Paper presented at The Asia-Pacific Network for Moral Education (2021(15th) APNME Annual Online Conference): Moral Education During the Global Pandemic and its Challenges.


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