Citizen attitude and expectation towards greenspace provision in compact urban milieu

Alex Y.H. LO, Chi Yung JIM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)


Residents' views are pertinent in urban-park design and management, yet they are often ignored. Social-empirical studies could enhance socially relevant park design. As a compact city, Hong Kong's limited greenspaces are often too small, surrounded by incompatible activities, and fail to meet user demands and expectations. This study explores the response of citizens living in the crowded urban milieu to inadequate greenspace provision. A questionnaire survey gleaned opinion from residents in representative residential neighbourhoods in old city and new towns. Green sites are appreciated more for pragmatic microclimatic and amenity benefits than social and high-order environmental functions. The principal limitations are deficiency in sports facilities and greenery. Respondents favour more trees, dispersed seating design and large parks. The preferences are mainly related to age, income, education and retirement status. The high-density living milieu may have weakened attitude and perception towards urban nature. The findings could inform public policies and programmes on urban parks. They call for an institutional restructuring to facilitate active public engagement in greenspace planning and management. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-586
JournalLand Use Policy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012



Lo, A. Y. H., & Jim, C. Y. (2012). Citizen attitude and expectation towards greenspace provision in compact urban milieu. Land Use Policy, 29(3), 577-586. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.09.011


  • Urban greenspace
  • Urban park
  • Environmental benefit
  • Social function
  • Compact city
  • Hong Kong