Chinese parenting in Hong Kong: Links among goals, beliefs and styles

Siu Mui CHAN, Jennifer BOWES, Shirley WYVER

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66 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among parental goals, parental beliefs and parenting styles. Questionnaires were completed during interviews with 189 Hong Kong-Chinese mothers of children aged six to eight years. Results indicated that these mothers embraced Chinese parental beliefs (guan) and Chinese parental goals of filial piety and harmonious social relationships. In contrast to other studies on Chinese parenting, this study examined Chinese mothers' adoption of psychological control in addition to authoritarian and authoritative parenting. Participants' main styles were found to be authoritative and psychologically controlling rather than authoritarian as reported in previous research. Parental goals were found to mediate the effect of parental beliefs on adoption of parenting styles. Mothers who embraced guan and filial piety reported either an authoritarian or a psychologically controlling parenting style, while those who embraced guan and harmonious social relationships adopted an authoritative parenting style. Copyright © 2009 Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)849-862
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


Chan, S. M., Bowes, J., & Wyver, S. (2009). Chinese parenting in Hong Kong: Links among goals, beliefs and styles. Early Child Development and Care, 179(7), 849-862.


  • Chinese parenting
  • Filial piety
  • Guan
  • Parental beliefs
  • Parental goals
  • Psychological control


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