China and climate justice: Moving beyond statism

Paul HARRIS, Sin Yin Alice CHOW, Rasmus KARLSSON

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18 Citations (Scopus)


China is the largest national source of greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution causing climate change. However, despite some rhetorical progress at the 2011 Durban climate conference, it has consistently rejected calls to take on binding targets to reduce its GHG emissions. The Chinese Government has understandably argued that developed states are responsible for the predominant share of historical GHG emissions, have greater capacity to pay for the cost of mitigation, and indeed have an obligation to do so before China is required to take action. However, due to the explosive growth in its GHG emissions, China is now in a position to single-handedly dash any hope of climate stability if its position does not change. On the diplomatic level, other big polluters, particularly the United States, will not enter into new binding agreements to reduce substantially their own GHG emissions without a credible commitment from China. Challenging the ‘‘statist’’ framing of the climate justice, this article explores the possibility for China to take on a leadership role in climate change diplomacy in a way that allows it to maintain its long-standing principled resistance to binding national emissions targets while making meaningful progress toward combating the problem. Action by China’s rapidly growing affluent classes may hold the key to long-term climate stability. Copyright © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-305
JournalInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
Issue number3
Early online dateJul 2012
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


Harris, P. G., Chow, A. S. Y., & Karlsson, R. (2013). China and climate justice: Moving beyond statism. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 13(3), 291-305.


  • China
  • Climate change
  • Climate justice
  • International justice
  • Responsibility
  • Statism


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