Child poverty among Hong Kong ethnic minorities

Chi Kin CHEUNG, Kee Lee CHOU

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14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes the data from the Population Census of 2011 to identify the characteristics of poor ethnic minority groups in Hong Kong and the factors that are associated with child poverty among these ethnic minorities. The results show that the child poverty level varies between different ethnic groups and that ethnic minorities from developing nations are likely to have a higher poverty level. In particular, Pakistani children have the highest poverty rate among all ethnic groups. The results also show that Pakistani, Nepalese, and Mixed (Chinese and Asian) nationalities have a higher child poverty rate than that of Chinese individuals who constitute the majority of the Hong Kong population. The main reason for this is that, unlike their Chinese counterparts, some of these ethnic minority households have not benefited from their own human capital or their length of exposure in the local society in Hong Kong. And even if they have benefited, the positive impact of these factors on ethnic minority households was much weaker compared to that of Chinese households. These results suggest that ethnic minorities need to be categorized as a separate group in order to assess their specific needs, and assimilation policies, especially support on Chinese language learning, need to be an integral part of the government’s poverty reduction strategy to reduce child poverty among ethnic minorities. Copyright © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-112
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number1
Early online dateMar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2018


Cheung, K. C.-K., & Chou, K.-L. (2018). Child poverty among Hong Kong ethnic minorities. Social Indicators Research, 137(1), 93–112. doi: 10.1007/s11205-017-1599-z


  • Child poverty
  • Ethnic minorities
  • Hong Kong


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