Drug use and HIV are key issues for public health interventions in the Philippines. We examined associations of problematic drug use among 320 Filipinx transgender women (trans-WSM) and cisgender men who have sex with men (cis-MSM). The prevalence of exhibited problematic drug use in this sample was 29.38%. Greater odds of problematic drug use were observed among Filipinx participants who recently engaged in sex work (adjusted OR [aOR] = 2.79, 95% CI [1.08, 7.18]), reported having HIV positive and unknown status vs. negative status (aOR = 3.61, 95% CI [1.39, 9.39], and aOR = 13.99, 95% CI [2.04, 29.69], respectively), exhibited low HIV knowledge (aOR = 4.15, 95% CI [1.82, 9.44]), and displayed hazardous drinking (aOR = 2.77, 95% CI [1.21, 6.33]). Given its correlates of HIV-related indicators, integration of HIV and harm reduction services as a public health intervention could potentially decrease problematic drug use. Copyright © 2022 Guilford Press.
CitationRestar, A. J., Quilantang, M. I. N., Surace, A., Ogunbajo, A., Chan, R., Adia, A., . . . Operario, D. (2022). Characterizing problematic drug use among transgender women and cisgender men during the emerging HIV crisis in the Philippines: Implications for policy research. AIDS Education and Prevention, 34(2), 116-130. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2022.34.2.116
- Problematic drug use
- Transgender women
- Cisgender men who have sex with men