Characterization of PAHs in surface sediments of aquaculture farms around the Pearl River Delta

Hong-Sheng WANG, Zhang CHENG, Peng LIANG, Ding-Ding SHAO, Yuan KANG, Sheng-Chun WU, Chris K. C. WONG, Ming Hung WONG

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution and source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface sediments of freshwater fishponds and mariculture rafts around the Pearl River Delta (PRD) were investigated. Twenty-one sample sites were chosen, consisting of fifteen freshwater fishponds and six mariculture rafts. The total PAH (ΣPAH) concentrations measured in all the sediment samples ranged from 52.7 to 717 ng g⁻¹, with mean of 184 ng g⁻¹. The marine sediment samples contained higher levels of ΣPAH, high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs and carcinogenic PAHs than freshwater sediments (p<0.05). Principal component analysis/multiple linear regression analysis (PCA/MLRA) indicated that the source of PAHs in freshwater sediment was mainly derived from mixed combustion of coal, wood, and vehicle emission (66.2%). Vehicle emissions and coal combustion were the main sources (52.5 and 47.5% of ΣPAH, respectively) of PAHs contaminated in the marine sediments. The present study indicated that surface sediments of freshwater fishponds and mariculture rafts around the PRD were grossly contaminated by PAHs derived from combustion sources. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-906
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Citation

Wang, H.-S., Cheng, Z., Liang, P., Shao, D.-D., Kang, Y., Wu, S.-C., . . . Wong, M. H. (2010). Characterization of PAHs in surface sediments of aquaculture farms around the Pearl River Delta. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73(5), 900-906. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.04.010

Keywords

  • PAHs
  • Fishpond
  • Surface sediment
  • Source apportionment

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