Change of PAHs with evolution of paddy soils from prehistoric to present over the last six millennia in the Yangtze River Delta region, China

Jin ZHANG, Mueller-Niggemann CORNELIA, Minyan WANG, Zhihong CAO, Xiping LUO, Ming Hung WONG, Wei CHEN

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate the influence of hydroponics management on soil organic components with evolution of paddy soil over the last six millennia, PAHs, as a biomarker, as well as total organic carbon content were used to explore changes of paddy soil organic carbon in two entirely buried ancient paddy soil profiles. The results showed that hydroponics management can cause organic carbon deposition in rice paddy. The changing of total PAH concentrations was not always in accordance with the changing of total organic carbon contents in layers of the buried ancient paddy soils. The PAHs in 6280 BP prehistoric paddy soil layer was 3-ring > 5-ring > 4-ring > 6-ring, while in layers of the present paddy soil and the prehistoric upland were 3-ring > 4-ring > 5-ring > 6-ring. The contribution of phenanthrene to total PAHs in two profiles and the increasing ratio of phenanthrene to alkylated PAHs from parent material/6280 BP prehistoric upland to 6280 BP paddy suggested substantial increase of the anthropogenic influence of hydroponics management on rice paddy soil. And in view of the ¹⁴C age and bioremains in the two profiles, it was only possible for PAHs to be derived from hydroponics management with evolution of the paddy soils form the Neolithic age. Cadalene could be used as an indicator for biological sources of PAHs released by rice plant residues, and benzo[g,h,i]fluoranthene and benzo[g,h,i]perylene for pyrogenic sources released by field vegetation fires. Copyright © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-335
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume449
Early online dateFeb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Citation

Zhang, J., Cornelia, M.-N., Wang, M., Cao, Z., Luo, X., Wong, M., & Chen, W. (2013). Change of PAHs with evolution of paddy soils from prehistoric to present over the last six millennia in the Yangtze River Delta region, China. Science of The Total Environment, 449, 328-335. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.084

Keywords

  • Buried ancient paddy soil
  • Soil organic carbon
  • Lipid biomarkers
  • PAHs
  • GC–MS

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