Causal influences of salience/cerebellar networks on dorsal attention network subserved age-related cognitive slowing

Clive H. Y. WONG, Jiao LIU, Jing TAO, Li-dian CHEN, Huan-ling YUAN, Ngai Kiu Mabel WONG, Yan-Wen XU, Tatia M. C. LEE, Che Hin Chetwyn CHAN

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Age-related cognitive slowing is a prominent precursor of cognitive decline. Functional neuroimaging studies found that cognitive processing speed is associated with activation and coupling among frontal, parietal and cerebellar brain networks. However, how the reciprocal influences of inter- and intra-network coupling mediate age-related decline in processing speed remains insufficiently studied. This study examined how inter- and intra-brain network influences mediate age-related slowing. We were interested in the fronto-insular salience network (SN), frontoparietal dorsal attention network (DAN), cerebellar network (CN) and default mode network (DMN). Reaction time (RT) and functional MRI data from 84 participants (aged 18–75) were collected while they were performing the Arrow Task in visual or audial forms. At the subject level, effective connectivities (ECs) were estimated with regression dynamic causal modelling. At the group level, structural equation models (SEMs) were used to model latent speed based on age and the EC mediators. Age was associated with decreased speed and increased inter-network effective connectivity. The CN exerting influence on the DAN (CN → DAN EC) mediated, while the SN → DAN EC suppressed age-related slowing. The DMN and intra-network ECs did not seem to play significant roles in slowing due to ageing. Inter-network connectivity from the CN and SN to the DAN contributes to age-related slowing. The seemingly antagonizing influences of the CN and SN indicate that increased task-related automaticity and decreased effortful control on top-down attention would promote greater speed in older individuals. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-899
JournalGeroScience
Volume45
Early online date19 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Citation

Wong, C. H. Y., Liu, J., Tao, J., Chen, L.‑D., Yuan, H.‑L., Wong, M. N. K., . . . Chan, C. C. H. (2023). Causal influences of salience/cerebellar networks on dorsal attention network subserved age-related cognitive slowing. GeroScience, 45, 889-899. doi: 10.1007/s11357-022-00686-1

Keywords

  • Processing speed
  • Brain network
  • Effective connectivity
  • Automaticity
  • Effortful control

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