Catalytic co-pyrolysis of cellulose and linear low-density polyethylene over MgO-impregnated catalysts with different acid-base properties

Hae Won RYU, Yiu Fai TSANG, Hyung Won LEE, Jungho JAE, Sang-Chul JUNG, Su Shiung LAM, Eun Duck PARK, Young-Kwon PARK

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various MgO impregnated catalysts were used for the catalytic co-pyrolysis (CCP) of cellulose and linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) at 600 °C in ambient pressure. Micro reactor-gas chromatography, a semi-batch reactor, was used as a reactor and gas chromatogram/mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector were used for product detection. Three kinds of MgO impregnated catalysts, MgO/Carbon (MgO/C), MgO/Al₂O₃, and MgO/ZrO₂, were prepared by the impregnation of MgO to different supporting materials, C, Al₂O₃, and ZrO₂, respectively. Activities of the three MgO-impregnated catalysts were compared with 1:5 of feedstock to catalyst ratio. MgO/C produced the highest quality oil, which consisted of a large amount of aromatic hydrocarbons during the catalytic pyrolysis (CP) of cellulose. When the MgO catalysts were applied to CCP, the selectivity to aromatic hydrocarbons over MgO/C were 13.42 %, which were also much higher than those over the other catalysts, including bulk MgO, demonstrating the effectiveness of the MgO/C catalyst on aromatics formation. Importantly, the experimental BTEXs (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes) yields of CCP over MgO/C were also much higher than the theoretical yields, highlighting the effectiveness of hydrogen-rich LLDPE on the CP of cellulose over MgO/C. Further investigation of the cellulose/LLDPE mixing ratio showed that the amount of BTEXs during the CCP of cellulose and LLDPE could be maximized by adjusting the cellulose to LLDPE mixing ratio to 25: 75. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-381
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume373
Early online dateMay 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Citation

Ryu, H. W., Tsang, Y. F., Lee, H. W., Jae, J., Jung, S.-C., Lam, S. S., . . . Park, Y.-K. (2019). Catalytic co-pyrolysis of cellulose and linear low-density polyethylene over MgO-impregnated catalysts with different acid-base properties. Chemical Engineering Journal, 373, 375-381. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.05.049

Keywords

  • Catalytic co-pyrolysis
  • Cellulose
  • LLDPE
  • MgO
  • MgO/C

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