Casino interests, Fujian Tongxianghui and electoral politics in Macao

Shiu Hing Sonny LO, King Man Eric CHONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The study of hometown associations has been traditionally focused on their social and cultural activities, but little research has been conducted on their political and electoral participation. The direct elections held for the Legislative Assembly in September 2013 in the Macao Special Administrative Region were characterised by the emergence of a clear triangular relationship between casino interests, Fujianese tongxianghui (a hometown association or an interest group with members sharing the same locality ties) and electoral politics. The prominent victory of an electoral group led by the Fujianese tongxianghui and represented under the umbrella of the United Citizens Association of Macao (UCAM) was unprecedented in Macao’s political participation and historical development. As a community leader of the Fujian community, Chan Meng Kam formed the UCAM to perform multiple functions: protecting his casino interests, articulating the interests of the Fujianese and the society vis-à-vis the casino state, acting as an intermediary between the Macao government and ordinary citizens, especially in the northern district which is the power base of the UCAM, and serving as a united front machinery for a unique sub-ethnic interest group to win the hearts and minds of the people of Macao. Copyright © 2015 Journal of Contemporary Asia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-303
JournalJournal of Contemporary Asia
Issue number2
Early online dateJan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016


Lo, S. S.-H., & Chong, E. K.-M. (2016). Casino interests, Fujian Tongxianghui and electoral politics in Macao. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46(2), 286-303.


  • Casinos
  • Sub-ethnic politics
  • Elections
  • Macao
  • Hometown associations


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