Cardiovascular health of construction workers in Hong Kong: A cross-sectional study

Wai Yee Joanne CHUNG, Yee Man Bonny WONG, Vincent Chun-Man YAN, Ming Yan CHUNG, Chi Fuk Henry SO, Albert CHAN

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Abstract

Background: Given a shortage of construction workers, it is important to develop strategies to avoid early retirement caused by cardiovascular diseases in Hong Kong. Objectives: (1) to describe the cardiovascular health of construction workers in Hong Kong, (2) to examine the demographic differences in cardiovascular health, and (3) to examine the association between health behaviors and cardiovascular health factors. Methods: 626 registered construction workers were included in the analysis. Blood chemistry, blood pressure, weight, and height were measured. Face-to-face questionnaire interviews for health behaviors were conducted. Results: Approximately two-thirds of the construction workers achieved only three out of the seven "ideal" cardiovascular health metrics. The younger, more educated, and female subjects had better cardiovascular health scores than the older, less educated, and male counterparts. Fish and seafood consumption was associated with (1) ideal weight status and (2) ideal cholesterol level, whereas less soft drink consumption was associated with ideal cholesterol level. Conclusions: The findings highlighted the importance of promoting cardiovascular health in the construction industry. This study provided some insights for future interventions, which should include increasing fish and seafood intake, decreasing soft drink consumption, and enhancing the health literacy amongst older, less educated, and male construction workers. Copyright © 2018 by the authors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1251
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2018

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Hong Kong
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health
Carbonated Beverages
Seafood
Health Behavior
Fishes
Cholesterol
Construction Industry
Health Literacy
Weights and Measures
Retirement
Cardiovascular Diseases
Demography
Interviews
Blood Pressure

Citation

Chung, J. W.-Y., Wong, B. Y.-M., Yan, V. C.-M., Chung, L. M.-Y., So, H. C.-F., & Chan, A. (2018). Cardiovascular health of construction workers in Hong Kong: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(6). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061251

Keywords

  • Construction industry
  • Heart health
  • Lifestyle behaviors
  • Healthy eating
  • Physical activity