g- C₃N₄ (gCN) with nitrogen vacancy has been extensively investigated and applied in (photo)catalysis. Engineering the carbon vacancy in gCN is of great importance, but it remains a challenging task. In this work, we report for the first time the fabrication of gCN with carbon vacancy (Cᵥ-gCN) via thermal treatment of pristine gCN in CO₂ atmosphere. The photocatalytic performance of Cᵥ-gCN is evaluated on the basis of NO oxidization under visible light irradiation (λ > 400 nm) in a continual reactor. The successful formation of carbon vacancy in gCN is confirmed through electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The photocatalytic oxidation removal rate of NO over Cᵥ-gCN is 59.0%, which is two times higher than that over pristine gCN (24.2%). The results of the quenching experiment show that superoxide radicals (O₂·⁻) act as the main reactive oxygen species, which is responsible for the oxidation of NO. The enlarged BET surface areas and negatively shifted conduction band (CB) potential enhance the photocatalytic activity of Cᵥ-gCN, which facilitates the efficient electron transfer from the CB of Cᵥ-gCN to the surface adsorbed oxygen, resulting in the formation of O₂·⁻ that can oxidize NO. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V..
CitationLi, Y., Ho, W., Lv, K., Zhu, B., & Lee, S. C. (2018). Carbon vacancy-induced enhancement of the visible light-driven photocatalytic oxidation of NO over g-C₃N₄ nanosheets. Applied Surface Science, 430, 380-389. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.06.054
- Carbon vacancy
- Thermal etching
- NO oxidation