Can early childhood curriculum enhance social-emotional competence in low-income children? A meta-analysis of the educational effects

Weipeng YANG, Jesus Alfonso Daep DATU, Xunyi LIN, Michelle Marie LAU, Hui LI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research Findings: This meta-analysis examined 29 (quasi-)experimental studies that involved low-income children ages 3 to 5 who might be subject to risks of academic failure and other negative outcomes. Compared to the controls, children who learned with social-emotional learning (SEL) curricula demonstrated significantly improved social-emotional competence, with an effect size or standardized mean difference of 0.241 (95% confidence interval [0.194, 0.287]). However, the use of other curricula that lacked an intensive focus on SEL yielded nonsignificant effects on the social-emotional competence of low-income children. Type of curriculum, fidelity of curriculum implementation, and duration of intervention were found to moderate the educational effects. Practice or Policy: The findings of this meta-analysis contribute to the growing body of empirical evidence on the positive effects of early SEL curricula and explain how curricula can produce social-emotional benefits for low-income children in their early years. Copyright © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
LanguageEnglish
Pages36-59
JournalEarly Education and Development
Volume30
Issue number1
Early online dateNov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Curriculum
Meta-Analysis
low income
childhood
curriculum
Learning
learning
Social Skills
confidence
Confidence Intervals
Research
evidence
Group

Citation

Yang, W., Datu, J. A. D., Lin, X., Lau, M. M., & Li, H. (2019). Can early childhood curriculum enhance social-emotional competence in low-income children? A meta-analysis of the educational effects. Early Education and Development, 30(1), 36-59. doi: 10.1080/10409289.2018.1539557