As a new group of persistent organic pollutants of concern, chlorinated paraffins (CPs) have been widely detected in the environment and biota, but their occurrence, partitioning, and transfer in humans have been not well documented. In this study, 32 pairs of maternal blood, cord blood, and placenta samples were collected from pregnant women in South China, and the blood was further separated into plasma and red blood cells (RBCs) for blood partitioning study. Short- and medium-chain CPs (SCCPs and MCCPs, respectively) were detected in all the five human biological matrices, suggesting prevalent exposure and maternal transfer of CPs in the pregnant women. Discrepant congener group profiles of CPs were observed in different human biological matrices. Significant differences in the plasma-RBC partitioning of CPs in the maternal and cord bloods were identified (p < 0.001). CP partitioning to plasma was stronger than that to RBCs in maternal blood, but the converse was true for cord blood. Mass fractions in plasma (Fp) for SCCPs (mean, 0.78) and MCCPs (0.74) in maternal blood were significantly higher than the values in cord blood. Transplacental transfer efficiencies (TTEs) were evaluated based on the whole blood concentrations of CPs in the maternal and cord bloods, and the TTEs ranged from 0.50 to 0.69 (first to third quartiles) for SCCPs and MCCPs, indicating that the placenta can partially restrict maternal transfer. The extent of CP retention in the placenta was assessed by the concentration ratio (RPM) of matched placenta and maternal blood, and interestingly, a U-shaped trend for placental retention (RPM) with increasing chain length was observed for individual congener groups. Significant relationships of the CP concentrations among the maternal blood, cord blood, and placenta were observed (p < 0.001). To our knowledge, this is the first study to report the plasma-RBC partitioning of CPs in human maternal and cord bloods, as well as the first study to evaluate TTEs based on whole blood concentrations. Our study confirmed that whole blood is the preferred matrix for accurately assessing human internal exposure and transplacental transfer of CPs. Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.
|Early online date||Jun 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2020|
CitationChen, H., Zhou, W., Lam, J. C. W., Ge, J., Li, J., & Zeng, L. (2020). Blood partitioning and whole-blood-based maternal transfer assessment of chlorinated paraffins in mother-infant pairs from South China. Environment International, 142. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105871
- Chlorinated paraffins
- Blood partitioning
- Maternal transfer
- Human exposure