Biotreatment of o-nitrobenzaldehyde manufacturing wastewater and changes in activated sludge flocs in a sequencing batch reactor

Chang LIU, Shinawar Waseem ALI, Li-Bo GUAN, Fang-Bo YU, Shun-Peng LI, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

o-Nitrobenzaldehyde manufacturing wastewater is characterized for being highly saline, with its TN content and dissolved organic concentrations giving rise to high COD loads. A sequencing batch reactor was established to investigate the effects of major processing variables, such as SRT and HRT, on system performance. The optimal COD (86%) and TN (40.9%) removal efficiencies were obtained at 16 d (SRT) and 12 h (HRT). Design equations were developed by applying experimental data. Changes in sludge flocs were studied using a combination of methods including: chemical analysis; fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profile analysis of 16S rRNA genes. Dramatic changes occurred during adaptation and β-Proteobacteria was found to be the most prevalent population. Besides, some species affiliated with α-subclasses of Proteobacteria and Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides (CFB) group were also enriched. This study may help with future research in providing a better understanding of the activated sludge biotreatment. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-234
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Citation

Liu, C., Ali, S. W., Guan, L.-B., Yu, F.-B., Li, S.-P., & Wong, M. H. (2012). Biotreatment of o-nitrobenzaldehyde manufacturing wastewater and changes in activated sludge flocs in a sequencing batch reactor. Bioresource Technology, 104, 228-234. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.11.025

Keywords

  • o-Nitrobenzaldehyde
  • Activated sludge
  • FISH
  • DGGE
  • Microbial community

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