Biosorption studies on copper (II) and cadmium (II) using pretreated rice straw and rice husk

Wai Chin LI, F. Y. LAW, Y. H. M. CHAN

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the adsorption and removal behaviour of copper (Cu) (II) and cadmium (Cd) (II) ions using rice husk and rice straw in aqueous solutions. Different parameters were used to investigate their adsorption performance in saline conditions and the optimal level of biosorption at different pH levels. The main parameters were pH (3, 6 and 9), initial concentration level of heavy metals (Cu (II) 5, 10, 20, 40 and 60 mg/L and Cd (II) 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mg/L, respectively), salinity (0, 50 and 100 mM NaCl) and contact time (ranging from 3 to 60 min). Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied to analyse the removal efficiency and sorption capacity of the pretreated rice husk and rice straw. The removal efficiency and adsorption capacity generally increased with the pH and reached a plateau in alkaline conditions. The percentage removal of Cu (II) by rice husk reached 97 % at pH 9 and 95 % by rice straw at pH 6. Biosorption performance increased in the absence of NaCl. Kinetic studies for both metals revealed that the biosorption of Cu (II) and Cd (II) onto rice straw and husk was pseudo-second order. Copyright © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8903-8915
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume24
Issue number10
Early online dateJul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Citation

Li, W. C., Law, F. Y., & Chan, Y. H. M. (2017). Biosorption studies on copper (II) and cadmium (II) using pretreated rice straw and rice husk. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(10), 8903-8915.

Keywords

  • Biosorption
  • Rice straw
  • Rice husk
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetic

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