Beyond intention: Predicting children’s COVID-19 vaccine uptake using the theory of planned behavior

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Abstract

This prospective study tested if parental factors from the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicted children’s uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine and examined whether parents’ intention to vaccinate children against COVID-19 would mediate such associations. Participants were 852 Hong Kong parents of 1076 children aged 5–12. At Time 1, parents reported on items measuring the TPB predictors (i.e. attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) and intention. At Time 2 (approximately 4 months after Time 1), parents reported whether their children had received the COVID-19 vaccine. Attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and intention predicted children’s actual uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine. Intention mediated the relations between two TPB predictors, namely attitudes and subjective norms, and children’s COVID-19 vaccination uptake. The TPB is considered a useful framework in the development of future COVID-19 vaccine programs for children to promote parents’ intention and the subsequent uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine among children. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2260530
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Volume19
Issue number2
Early online dateSept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Citation

Lau, E. Y. H., Li, J.-B., & Chan, D. K. C. (2023). Beyond intention: Predicting children’s COVID-19 vaccine uptake using the theory of planned behavior. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 19(2), Article 2260530. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2023.2260530

Keywords

  • Theory of planned behavior
  • Uptake
  • COVID-19 vaccine
  • Children
  • Parents’ intention
  • Hong Kong

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