Nano zero-valent iron has been considered a promising material for in situ remediation, but its strong tendency to form aggregates makes it difficult to transport in porous media. Thus, stabilization techniques are required to overcome this limitation. In this study, we use polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) to synthesise to stabilise iron nanoparticles. The effects of various factors such as nZVI influent concentrations, flow velocity, Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺ and humic acid on the transport behaviour of the PVP-nZVI particles were considered. A sedimentation test indicated that PVP-nZVI particles with diameters ranging from 50 to 80 nm were more stable than Bare-nZVI particles. Column experiments demonstrated that PVP-nZVI also exhibited better mobility in silica sand than Bare-nZVI. Due to either the straining or blocking effect, the effluent relative concentration (C/C₀) plateau increased with increasing particle concentration. Increasing the flow velocity increased the C/C₀, resulting in the reduction of overall single-collector contact efficiency (η₀). Humic acid (HA) enhanced the mobility of PVP-nZVI, and the sedimentation test in the presence of HA suggested that decreased attachment of PVP-nZVI to the silica sand surface rather than decreased aggregation was the primary mechanism of this enhanced mobility. Copyright © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
CitationLiang, B., Xie, Y., Fang, Z., & Tsang, E. P. (2014). Assessment of the transport of polyvinylpyrrolidone-stabilised zero-valent iron nanoparticles in a silica sand medium. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 16, Article 2485.
- In situ environmental remediation