Artificial Intelligence in Science Education (2013–2023): Research trends in ten years

Fenglin JIA, Daner SUN, Chee Kit LOOI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The use of artificial intelligence has played an important role in science teaching and learning. The purpose of this study was to fill a gap in the current review of research on AI in science education (AISE) in the early stage of education by systematically reviewing existing research in this area. This systematic review examined the trends and research foci of AI in the science of early stages of education. This review study employed a bibliometric analysis and content analysis to examine the characteristics of 76 studies on Artificial Intelligence in Science Education (AISE) indexed in Web of Science and Scopus from 2013 to 2023. The analytical tool CiteSpace was utilized for the analysis. The study aimed to provide an overview of the development level of AISE and identify major research trends, keywords, research themes, high-impact journals, institutions, countries/regions, and the impact of AISE studies. The results, based on econometric analyses, indicate that AISE has experienced increasing influence over the past decade. Cluster and timeline analyses of the retrieved keywords revealed that AI in primary and secondary science education can be categorized into 11 main themes, and the chronology of their emergence was identified. Among the most prolific journals in this field are the International Journal of Social Robotics, Educational Technology Research and Development, and others. Furthermore, the analysis identified that institutions and countries/regions located primarily in the United States have made the most significant contributions to AISE research. To explore the learning outcomes and overall impact of AI technologies on learners in primary and secondary schools, content analysis was conducted, identifying five main categories of technology applications. This study provides valuable insights into the advancements and implications of AI in science education at the primary and secondary levels. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-117
JournalJournal of Science Education and Technology
Early online dateOct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


Jia, F., Sun, D., & Looi, C.-K. (2024). Artificial Intelligence in Science Education (2013–2023): Research trends in ten years. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 33, 94-117.


  • Bibliometric literature review
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Science Education
  • Primary and secondary schools


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