Arsenic mobility and bioavailability in flooded industrially polluted UK soils

William HARTLEY, Chuan WU, Nicholas M. DICKINSON, Philip RIBY, Nicholas W. LEPP, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a paucity of studies focusing on the fate of arsenic (As) in poorly drained peri-urban land or clay-lined landfills. Evidence from rice paddy soils would indicate enhanced mobility and bioavailability of this metalloid in soils with impeded drainage. The fate of As was investigated in two historically contaminated UK soils possessing similar As concentrations, derived from different sources of industrial waste. Test soils differed significantly in Fe, Mn, and P content. Arsenic mobility was measured by soil pore-water sampling under flooded and drained watering regimes. Arsenic bioavailability was measured in terms of uptake by the floating macrophyte Lemna minor and two rice cultivars that differed in As tolerance and radial oxygen diffusion properties. Flooding of one test soil greatly enhanced iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) content of pore-water, followed by increases in As content and poor growth of rice. No such processes were evident in the other soil. It is argued that testing As-contaminated soils by flooding combined with chemical analyses and plant assays, provides a realistic indication of future risk associated with waterlogged conditions. Copyright © 2010 EPP Publications Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-278
JournalLand Contamination and Reclamation
Volume18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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Arsenic
bioavailability
arsenic
Soils
soil
rice
soil test
Manganese
manganese
porewater
flooding
Metalloids
Biological Availability
Industrial wastes
industrial waste
Land fill
macrophyte
Drainage
Water
cultivar

Citation

Hartley, W., Wu, C., Dickinson, N. M., Riby, P., Lepp, N. W., & Wong, M. H. (2010). Arsenic mobility and bioavailability in flooded industrially polluted UK soils. Land Contamination and Reclamation, 18(3), 267-278.

Keywords

  • Arsenic transfer
  • Duckweed
  • Iron
  • Phosphorus
  • Rice