Arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice are affected by root aeration and variation of genotypes

Chuan WU, Zhihong YE, Wensheng SHU, Yongguan ZHU, Ming Hung WONG

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94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Root aeration, arsenic (As) accumulation, and speciation in rice of 20 different genotypes with regular irrigation of water containing 0.4 mg As l⁻¹ were investigated. Different genotypes had different root anatomy demonstrated by entire root porosity (ranging from 12.43% to 33.21%), which was significantly correlated with radial oxygen loss (ROL) (R=0.64, P<0.01). Arsenic accumulation differed between genotypes, but there were no significant differences between Indica and Japonica subspecies, as well as paddy and upland rice. Total ROL from entire roots was correlated with metal tolerance (expressed as percentage mean of control straw biomass, R=0.69, P<0.01) among the 20 genotypes; total As concentration (R=–0.67, P<0.01) and inorganic As concentration (R=–0.47, P<0.05) in rice grains of different genotypes were negatively correlated with ROL. There were also significant genotype effects in percentage inorganic As (F=15.8, P<0.001) and percentage cacodylic acid (F=22.1, P<0.001), respectively. Root aeration of different genotypes and variation of genotypes on As accumulation and speciation would be useful for selecting genotypes to grow in areas contaminated by As. Copyright © 2011 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2889-2898
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume62
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Citation

Wu, C., Ye, Z., Shu, W., Zhu, Y., & Wong, M. (2011). Arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice are affected by root aeration and variation of genotypes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62(8), 2889-2898. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erq462

Keywords

  • Aerenchyma
  • Arsenic
  • Inorganic As
  • Porosity
  • Radial oxygen loss
  • Rice

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