Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi optimize the acquisition and translocation of Cd and P by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plant cultivated on a Cd-contaminated soil

Junli HU, Wing TSANG, Fuyong WU, Sheng Chun WU, Junhua WANG, Xiangui LIN, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Fruiting vegetables are generally considered to be safer than other vegetables for planting on cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farms. However, the risk of transferring Cd that has accumulated in the stems and leaves of fruiting vegetables is a major issue encountered with the usage of such non-edible parts. The objective of this study was to resolve the contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi to the production of low-Cd fruiting vegetables (focusing on the non-edible parts) on Cd-contaminated fields. Materials and methods: An 8-week pot experiment was conducted to investigate the acquisition and translocation of Cd by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants on an unsterilized Cd-contaminated (1.6 mg kg−1) soil in response to inoculation with the AM fungus, Funneliformis caledonium (Fc) or Glomus versiforme (Gv). Mycorrhizal colonization rates of cucumber roots were assessed. Dry biomass and Cd and phosphorus (P) concentrations in the cucumber shoots and roots were all measured. Soil pH, EC, total Cd, phytoavailable (DTPA-extractable) Cd, available P, and acid phosphatase activity were also tested. Results and discussion: Both Fc and Gv significantly increased (P < 0.05) root mycorrhizal colonization rates and P acquisition efficiencies, and thus the total P acquisition and biomass of cucumber plants, whereas only Fc significantly increased (P < 0.05) soil acid phosphatase activity and the available P concentration. Both Fc and Gv significantly increased (P < 0.05) root to shoot P translocation factors, inducing significantly higher (P < 0.05) shoot P concentrations and shoot/root biomass ratios. In contrast, both Fc and Gv significantly decreased (P < 0.05) root and shoot Cd concentrations, resulting in significantly increased (P < 0.05) P/Cd concentration ratios, whereas only Gv significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the root Cd acquisition efficiency and increased (P < 0.05) the root to shoot Cd translocation factor. Additionally, AM fungi also tended to decrease soil total and phytoavailable Cd concentrations by elevating plant total Cd acquisition and soil pH, respectively. Conclusions: Inoculation with AM fungi increased the P acquisition and biomass of cucumber plants, but decreased plant Cd concentrations by reducing the root Cd acquisition efficiency, and resulted in a tendency toward decreases in soil phytoavailable and total Cd concentrations via increases in soil pH and total Cd acquisition by cucumber plants, respectively. These results demonstrate the potential application of AM fungi for the production of fruiting vegetables with non-edible parts that contain low Cd levels on Cd-contaminated soils. Copyright © 2016 Springer International Publishing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2195-2202
JournalJournal of Soils and Sediments
Volume16
Issue number9
Early online dateApr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

Citation

Hu, J., Tsang, W., Wu, F., Wu, S., Wang, J., Lin, X., et al (2016). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi optimize the acquisition and translocation of Cd and P by cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plant cultivated on a Cd-contaminated soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 16(9), 2195-2202.

Keywords

  • Funneliformis caledonium
  • Glomus versiforme
  • Root acquisition efficiency
  • Soil acid phosphatase
  • Soil DTPA-extractable Cd
  • Soil pH

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