Objective: This two-stage study aims to contextualize the SDT framework to IPE through the adaptation of the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction to IPE (Study 1) and to demonstrate how SDT can be applied in IPE by examining a model of SDT constructs (Study 2) in predicting outcomes (behavioral engagement, team effectiveness, collective dedication, goal achievement).
Design: In Study 1 (n=996), we adapted and validated BPNS-IPE using confirmatory factor analysis and multiple linear regression using data from 996 IPE students (Chinese Medicine, Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy). In Study 2 (n=271), we implemented an IPE program where we integrated SDT approaches and examined the relationship of SDT constructs with IPE outcomes using multiple linear regression.
Results: Our data supported the three-factor structure (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) of BPNS-IPE, meeting the required model fit. Autonomy predicted team effectiveness (F=51.290, p<.05, R²=.580); competence predicted behavioral engagement (F=55.181, p<.05, R²=.598); while relatedness predicted significantly four IPE outcomes: behavioral engagement (F=55.181, p<.01, R²=.598), team effectiveness (F=51.290, p<.01, R²=.580), collective dedication (F=49.858, p<.01, R²=.573), goal achievement (F=68.713, p<.01, R²=.649).
Conclusions: The SDT motivational framework can be adapted and applied in the IPE context to understand and enhance student motivation in medical education. Potential studies with the use of the scale are provided to guide researchers. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s).
CitationGanotice Jr, F. A., Chan, K. M. K., Chan, S. L., Chan, S. S. C., Fan, K. K. H., Lam, M P. S., . . . Tipoe, G. L. (2023). Applying motivational framework in medical education: A self-determination theory perspectives. Medical Education Online, 28(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2023.2178873
- Self-determination theory
- Interprofessional education
- Scale application
- Construct validity
- Medical education