Application of traditional Chinese medicine residues in animal farming, agriculture, biofuel, food, and pharmaceutical industries

Feng ZHANG, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) production generates over 10 million tonnes of herb residues annually, contributing to disposal challenges, environmental pollution, and wasted resources if proper management is not implemented. TCM residues have carbon-rich structures and abundant lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, bioactive compounds, and antibacterial compounds, which can be used to produce pharmaceuticals, biofuel, biochar, and organic fertiliser. Thus, TCM residues have potential applications in agriculture, fisheries, energy production, environmental remediation, food, and pharmaceutical industries. In this chapter, existing challenges and potential pathways for valorising TCM residues are discussed. It is suggested that TCM enterprises should establish a sustainable circular economy via the rational utilisation of herb residues, which will alleviate environmental pollution and provide valuable by-products. Copyright © 2023 by World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFood waste valorisation: Food, feed, fertiliser, fuel and value-added products
EditorsMing Hung WONG, Diane PURCHASE, Nicholas DICKINSON
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd.
Pages445-471
ISBN (Electronic)9781800612891, 9781800612907
ISBN (Print)9781800612884
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Citation

Zhang, F., & Wong, M. H. (2023). Application of traditional Chinese medicine residues in animal farming, agriculture, biofuel, food, and pharmaceutical industries. In M. H. Wong, D. Purchase, & N. Dickinson (Eds.), Food waste valorisation: Food, feed, fertiliser, fuel and value-added products (pp. 445-471). World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1142/9781800612891_0017

Keywords

  • TCM
  • Chinese herbal medicine
  • Herbs’ waste
  • Recycling

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