Antecedents and outcomes of a four-fold taxonomy of work-family balance in Chinese employed parents

Jiafang LU, Oi-Ling SIU, Paul E. SPECTOR, Kan SHI

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The study provided validity evidence for a fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance that comprises direction of influence (work to family vs. family to work) and types of effect (work-family conflict vs. work-family facilitation). Data were collected from 189 employed parents in China. The results obtained from a confirmatory factor analysis supported the factorial validity of the fourfold taxonomy of work-family balance with a Chinese sample. Child care responsibilities, working hours, monthly salary, and organizational family-friendly policy were positively related to the conflict component of work-family balance; whereas new parental experience, spouse support, family-friendly supervisors and coworkers had significant positive effects on the facilitation component of work-family balance. In comparison with the inconsistent effects of work-family conflict, work to family facilitation had consistent positive effects on work and life attitudes. The implications of findings in relation to China and other countries are discussed in the paper. Copyright © 2009 American Psychological Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-192
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


Family Planning Policy
Organizational Policy
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Child Care
Statistical Factor Analysis
Conflict (Psychology)


Lu, J.-F., Siu, O.-L., Spector, P. E., & Shi, K (2009). Antecedents and outcomes of a four-fold taxonomy of work-family balance in Chinese employed parents. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(2), 182-192. doi: 10.1037/a0014115


  • Work-family balance
  • Work-family conflict
  • Work-family facilitation
  • Social support