Anger rumination partly accounts for the association between trait self-control and aggression

Jianbin LI, Kai DOU, Qiao-Min Situ, Silvia SALCUNI, Yu‐Jie WANG, Malte FRIESE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Higher trait self-control is related to less aggression, but the psychological processes underlying this association are largely unknown. This research tested the hypothesis that reduced anger rumination in high self-control individuals may partly account for this association. In seven cross-sectional, longitudinal and daily diary studies (total N=2,689) people high in trait self-control reported less aggression of different types and this relation was partially mediated by less rumination about anger-evoking events. An internal meta-analysis estimated this indirect effect to be of medium size. These findings suggest that a lower propensity to engage in anger rumination may be a crucial working process partly explaining how high trait self-control translates into less aggression. Overcoming anger rumination is a promising avenue to reduce aggression. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Early online dateJun 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 2019



Bibliographical note

Li, J.-B., Dou, K., Situ, Q.-M., Salcuni, S., Wang, Y.-J., & Friese, M. (2019). Anger rumination partly accounts for the association between trait self-control and aggression. Journal of Research in Personality. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2019.06.011


  • Self-control
  • Aggression
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Anger
  • Rumination