An extension to the discriminant analysis of near-infrared spectra

Chi Fuk Henry SO, Kup Sze CHOI, Wai Yee Joanne CHUNG, Thomas K. S. WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) is widely used in multivariate calibration method. Very often, only one single quantitative model is constructed to predict the relationship between the response and the independent variables. This approach can easily misidentify, under or over estimate the importantfeatures contained in the independent variables. The results obtained by a single prediction model are thus unstable or correlated to spurious spectral variance, particularly when the training set for PLS-DA is relatively small. A new algorithm developed by applying the Monte Carlo method to PLSDA, namely MC–PLS-DA, is proposed to classify spectral data obtained from near-infrared blood glucose measurement. Noise in the data is removed by randomly selecting different subsets from the whole training dataset to generate a large number of models. The mean sensitivity and specificity of these models are then calculated to determine the model with the best classification rate. The results show that the MC–PLS-DA method gives more accurate prediction results when compared with other classification methods used for classifying near infrared spectroscopic data of blood glucose. Also, the stability of the PLS-DA model is enhanced. Copyright © 2012 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-177
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Issue number2
Early online dateMay 2012
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


So, C. F., Choi, K.-S., Chung, J. W. Y., & Wong, T. K. S. (2013). An extension to the discriminant analysis of near-infrared spectra. Medical engineering and physics, 35(2), 172-177.


  • Monte Carlo method
  • Partial least squares
  • Near-infrared
  • Spectroscopic data


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