An assessment of the role of Hong Kong schools in promoting civic learning

Wai Chun Cherry AU, Kerry John KENNEDY

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Hong Kong underwent tremendous changes after the transfer of its sovereignty to China in 1997. This study attempts to explore the changing role of schools in preparing students for future democratic citizenship in the post-colonial era. Different researchers have postulated that schools play a crucial role in the political socialization process in meeting the developmental needs of adolescents. A mixed-method sequential explanatory research design was adopted to assess the effectiveness of Hong Kong schools in promoting civic learning. The significance of the present study was to analyse the school context by using the assessment framework from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Civic Education Study (CivEd) to generate citizenship education studies. An extensive review of research related to the role of schools through formal and informal curricula was conducted. This process helped extend the current understanding of the effectiveness of the political socialization in secondary schools in Hong Kong and contributed to the further development of the research on political socialization in the Chinese context. The findings from this study would help educators or policy makers rethink the future role of schools in citizenship education. Copyright © 2017 National Institute of Education, Singapore.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-261
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Education
Issue number2
Early online dateMay 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


Au, W. C. C., & Kennedy, K. J. (2017). An assessment of the role of Hong Kong schools in promoting civic learning. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 37(2), 248-261.


  • Assessment
  • Civic engagement
  • Civics curriculum
  • Classroom climate
  • Adolescence


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