AI literacy curriculum and its relation to children's perceptions of robots and attitudes towards engineering and science: An intervention study in early childhood education

Jiahong SU, Weipeng YANG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The number of artificial intelligence (AI) literacy studies in K-12 education has recently increased, with most research focusing on primary and secondary education contexts. Little research focuses on AI literacy programs in early childhood education. 

Objectives: The aim of this mixed-methods study is to examine the feasibility of an AI literacy program called “AI4KG” and explore how it might affect kindergarteners' perceptions of robots and attitudes towards engineering and science. 

Methods: A total of 26 child–parent dyads recruited from a Hong Kong kindergarten were involved in this study, consisting of 26 children (Mage = 4 years, SD = 0.28) and their parents. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through surveys and interviews designed to explore children's perceptions of robots and attitudes towards engineering and science, and parents' perceptions of the AI4KG intervention.  Copyright © 2023 The Authors.

Results: It is found that children have increased their perceptions of robots after the AI literacy program, but the AI4KG curriculum had no significant effects on kindergarten children's engineering and science attitudes. Most parents (22 out of 26) agreed that their children's AI knowledge, AI skills, and AI attitudes have been enhanced after learning through the AI4KG curriculum. 

Conclusions: This study suggests that the AI4KG curriculum is potentially effective in promoting early AI literacy and favourable attitudes towards the technology, but further research is needed to develop age-appropriate measures and assess its long-term impact on children's education and career paths. Copyright © 2023 The Authors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-253
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Learning
Volume40
Issue number1
Early online dateSept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Citation

Su, J., & Yang, W. (2024). AI literacy curriculum and its relation to children's perceptions of robots and attitudes towards engineering and science: An intervention study in early childhood education. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 40(1), 241-253. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcal.12867

Keywords

  • AI literacy
  • Curriculum
  • Early childhood education
  • Feasibility
  • Parental perception

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