Advanced design of soft robots with artificial intelligence

Ying CAO, Bingang XU, Bin LI, Hong FU

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review


In recent years, breakthrough has been made in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), which has also revolutionized the industry of robotics. Soft robots featured with high-level safety, less weight, lower power consumption have always been one of the research hotspots. Recently, multifunctional sensors for perception of soft robotics have been rapidly developed, while more algorithms and models of machine learning with high accuracy have been optimized and proposed. Designs of soft robots with AI have also been advanced ranging from multimodal sensing, human–machine interaction to effective actuation in robotic systems. Nonetheless, comprehensive reviews concerning the new developments and strategies for the ingenious design of the soft robotic systems equipped with AI are rare. Here, the new development is systematically reviewed in the field of soft robots with AI. First, background and mechanisms of soft robotic systems are briefed, after which development focused on how to endow the soft robots with AI, including the aspects of feeling, thought and reaction, is illustrated. Next, applications of soft robots with AI are systematically summarized and discussed together with advanced strategies proposed for performance enhancement. Design thoughts for future intelligent soft robotics are pointed out. Finally, some perspectives are put forward. (Figure presented.) Copyright © 2024 The Author(s).

Original languageEnglish
Article number214
JournalNano-Micro Letters
Early online dateJun 2024
Publication statusPublished - 2024


Cao, Y., Xu, B., Li, B., & Fu, H. (2024). Advanced design of soft robots with artificial intelligence. Nano-Micro Letters, 16, Article 214.


  • Soft robotic systems
  • Artifcial intelligence
  • Design tactics
  • Review and perspective


Dive into the research topics of 'Advanced design of soft robots with artificial intelligence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.