This pilot study attempted to examine the additional efficacy of interferential therapy in reducing the symptoms of urinary stress and urge incontinence. Twenty-four subjects were randomly allocated to the experimental group, which received interferential therapy plus pelvic floor exercises, or the control group, which received pelvic floor exercises only. Treatment was given three times a week for 4 weeks. Subjects were given urinary diaries to record urinary symptoms (including frequency of passing urine and number of times woken by desire to pass urine) for 5 days prior to and after treatment. Perineometer readings, pad weighing test and start/stop test were also performed in a physiotherapy clinic before and at completion of treatment regimes. Significant improvements were observed in all the outcome variables in the experimental group, but in only the perineometer readings in controls. When the changes from pre- to post-treatment were compared between the two groups, four of the dependent variables did not reach statistical significance. Power analysis indicated that the sample size for each group needed to be 70 for all results to be statistically significant. This study shows that interferential therapy plus pelvic floor exercise appears to be a more effective treatment modality than pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercise alone for incontinence, but a larger trial with longer follow-up is needed before definitive conclusions can be reached. Copyright © 2003 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V.
CitationLo, S. K., Naidu, J., & Cao, Y. (2003). Additive effect of interferential therapy over pelvic floor exercise alone in the treatment of female urinary stress and urge incontinence: A randomized controlled trial. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal, 21(1), 37-42. doi: 10.1016/S1013-7025(09)70038-7
- Interferential therapy
- Pelvic floor exercise