Adapting the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) for bilingual Filipino adolescents: Validating English and Filipino versions

Fraide A. GANOTICE JR., Allan B. I. BERNARDO, Ronnel Bornasal KING

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the applicability of the English and Filipino versions of the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) among Filipino high school students. The FCQ measures the external forces in students' social environments that can influence their motivation for school. It is composed of 11 factors: university intention, school valuing, parent support, teacher support, peer help, leave school, pride from others, negative parent influence, affect to school, negative peer influence, and positive peer influence. It was translated into conversational Filipino. Seven hundred sixty-five high school students answered one of the two language versions. Both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation were used. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the two versions showed good fit. Results of the multigroup CFA indicated that there was invariance in terms of factor loadings for the two versions. Results of the between-network test also showed that the factors in the FCQ correlated systematically with theoretically relevant constructs. Taken together, this study supports the applicability of the FCQ for use with Filipino bilingual adolescents. Copyright © 2012 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-256
JournalChild Indicators Research
Volume6
Issue number2
Early online dateOct 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Citation

Ganotice Jr., F. A., Bernardo, A. B. I., & King, R. B. (2013). Adapting the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) for bilingual Filipino adolescents: Validating English and Filipino versions. Child Indicators Research, 6(2), 237-256. doi:10.1007/s12187-012-9167-1

Keywords

  • Facilitating conditions questionnaire
  • Validation
  • Translation
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Bilingual
  • Adolescents

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