Adaptation of a Self-Regulated Practice Behavior scale for Chinese music majors

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In this study, we evaluated the validity and reliability of a Chinese adaptation of the Self-Regulated Practice Behavior (SRPB) scale developed by Miksza. Tasks included supplementing, altering, and translating items to create a viable adaptation for Chinese music majors and evaluating the construct validity and reliability of the Chinese-adapted Self-Regulated Practice Behavior (C-SRPB) scale. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were used to analyze responses provided by Chinese music majors (N = 880) from various music conservatories and universities. Results indicated that an adjusted six-factor ESEM model was the best fit to the data. Internal consistency reliability coefficients for the subscales ranged from good to excellent (αs =.77–.86). Significant correlations between six subscales of C-SRPB and practice habits (i.e., daily duration, self-rated efficiency, and percentage of time spent on informal practice) provided criterion validity evidence. Overall, the findings suggested that the C-SRPB is a valid and reliable tool for measuring the self-regulated music practice of music majors in China. The results also suggest that music majors’ understanding of self-regulated practice vary according to individualistic and collectivist culture contexts. Copyright © 2023 National Association for Music Education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-365
JournalJournal of Research in Music Education
Issue number3
Early online dateJan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


Zhang, C., Kwan, J. L. Y., & Leung, B.-W. (2023). Adaptation of a Self-Regulated Practice Behavior scale for Chinese music majors. Journal of Research in Music Education, 71(3), 343-365.


  • Music practice
  • Self-regulated learning
  • Chinese music majors
  • Scale validation
  • Structural equation modeling


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