Academic integrity in China

Shuangye CHEN, Bruce John MACFARLANE

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

13 Citations (Scopus)


The chapter will explore academic integrity in relation to the research (mis)conduct of academic faculty in universities in China (excluding Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan). The academic profession in China is state sponsored rather than autonomous and has one of the lowest basic salary levels internationally. The rapid growth of higher education in China, allied with performative pressures in the ranking race, has led to increasing concerns about research integrity focused mainly on the conventional misconduct categories of falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism. However, research integrity in China also needs to be understood by reference to cultural norms, including the building of relationships and courtesy toward and respect for authority. Norms based on a Western conceptualization of research integrity do little to challenge or alter practices associated with guanxi and the intensive norms of reciprocity which dominate academic life in China. Weak professional self-regulation and poor academic socialization have also contributed to the current problematic situation of academic integrity in China. Copyright © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Singapore.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of academic integrity
EditorsTracey BRETAG
Place of PublicationSingapore
ISBN (Electronic)9789812870797
Publication statusPublished - 2016


Chen, S., & Macfarlane, B. (2016). Academic integrity in China. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of academic integrity. Retrieved from


Dive into the research topics of 'Academic integrity in China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.