A three-wave study of antecedents of work-family enrichment: The roles of social resources and affect

Oi Ling SIU, Arnold B. BAKKER, Paula BROUGH, Chang-qin LU, Haijiang WANG, Thomas KALLIATH, Michael O'DRISCOLL, Jiafang LU, Carolyn TIMMS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


On the basis of conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) and the resource-gain-development perspective (Wayne, Grzywacz, Carlson, & Kacmar, 2007), this paper examines the differential impact of specific social resources (supervisory support and family support) on specific types of affect (job satisfaction and family satisfaction, respectively), which, in turn, influence work-to-family enrichment and family-to-work enrichment, respectively. A sample of 276 Chinese workers completed questionnaires in a three-wave survey. The model was tested with structural equation modelling. Job satisfaction at time 2 partially mediated the relationship between time 1 supervisory support and time 3 work-to-family enrichment (capital), and the effect of supervisory support on work-to-family enrichment (affect) was fully mediated by job satisfaction. Family satisfaction at time 2 fully mediated the relationship between time 1 family support and time 3 family-to-work enrichment (affect, efficiency). Implications for theory, practice and future research are discussed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-314
JournalStress and Health
Issue number4
Early online dateNov 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Job Satisfaction
Nuclear Family
Surveys and Questionnaires


Siu, O. L., Bakker, A. B., Brough, P., Lu, C.-q., Wang, H., Kalliath, T., et al. (2015). A three-wave study of antecedents of work-family enrichment: The roles of social resources and affect. Stress and Health, 31(4), 306-314.


  • Family satisfaction
  • Family support
  • Job satisfaction
  • Supervisory support
  • Work–family enrichment