A systematic review of teachers' causal attributions: Prevalence, correlates, and consequences

Hui WANG, Nathan C. HALL

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Abstract

The current review provides an overview of published research on teachers' causal attributions since 1970s in the context of theoretical assumptions outlined in Weiner's (2010) attribution theory. Results across 79 studies are first examined with respect to the prevalence of teachers' interpersonal causal attributions for student performance and misbehavior, as well as intrapersonal attributions for occupational stress. Second, findings showing significant relations between teachers' attributions and their emotions and cognitions, as well as student outcomes, are discussed. Third, an overview of results showing the prevalence and implications of teachers' causal attributions to be moderated by critical background variables is also provided. Finally, observed themes across study findings are highlighted with respect to the fundamental attribution error and the utility of Weiner's attribution theory for understanding how teachers' explanations for classroom stressors impact their instruction, well-being, and student development. Copyright © 2018 Wang and Hall.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2305
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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Citation

Wang, H., & Hall, N. C. (2018). A systematic review of teachers' causal attributions: Prevalence, correlates, and consequences. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02305

Keywords

  • Teachers
  • Causal attributions
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal
  • Occupational stress
  • Review