A survey on females' constraints in physical recreation participation

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Female of all age groups and socio-economic status do face a number of constraints in pursuing physical recreation activity. The present paper aimed to study the constraints of female's physical recreation participation, and the relationship of perceived constraints and the level of participation between different occupation status, education level, and marital status. Two hundred and eight females aged 18 to 60 were invited to fill in the Physical Recreation Participation Questionnaire (PRPQ) to identify their perceived constraints and level of physical recreation participation. Results indicated that there were certain constraints factors, such as psychological constraints, accessibility constraints and time constraints, more related to the constriction in female physical recreation participation. When analyzing the constraint dimensions with different status towards participation frequency, the result was not necessary negatively related. Only housewives and middle education level women with lower perceived constraints demonstrated higher physical recreation participation than their counterparts. Copyright © 2005 Hong Kong Baptist University.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
JournalJournal of Physical Education & Recreation (Hong Kong)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Cheung, P. Y. (2005). A survey on females' constraints in physical recreation participation. Journal of Physical Education & Recreation (Hong Kong), 11(1), 39-43.

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