A study on the development of the smart classroom scale

Bao Ping LI, Siu Cheung KONG, Guang CHEN

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses the development and validation of the smart classroom scale (SCS). The SCS is derived from existing technology integration learning environment instruments, including TROFLEI, TICI and CCEI. To accurately describe the smart classroom, the scales of flexibility use of smart classroom, learning data, and learning experience are added to SCS. More than three hundred 11 to 15 years old learners were invited to validate the instrument. Result of the study indicated that there are ten scales of the SCS: Spatial design, Flexibility use of smart classroom, Technology usage, Learning data, Differentiation, Investigation, Cooperation, Learners cohesiveness, Equity, and Learning experience. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability of the SCS instrument is 0.902. This shows that SCS is a parsimonious instrument for assessing the technology-rich smart classroom. Copyright © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmerging issues in smart learning
EditorsGuang CHEN, Vive KUMAR, KINSHUK, Ronghuai HUANG, Siu Cheung KONG
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
ISBN (Electronic)9783662441886
ISBN (Print)9783662441879
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Li, B. P., Kong, S. C., & Chen, G. (2015). A study on the development of the smart classroom scale. In G. Chen, V. Kumar, Kinshuk, R. Huang, & S. C. Kong (Eds.), Emerging issues in smart learning (pp. 45-52). Berlin: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


  • Instrument
  • Smart learning environment
  • Smart classroom
  • Technology-rich classroom


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