A study of the greater male variability hypothesis in creative thinking in Mainland China: Male superiority exists

Jing Mavis HE WU, Wan-chi WONG, Yin LI, Huanu XU

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Abstract

This study tested the greater male variability hypothesis in creative thinking with a Chinese student sample in Mainland China. The Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production (TCT-DP) was administered to 627 Chinese adolescent boys (n = 332) and girls (n = 295). Results using the boy/girl variance ratio (VR) generally supported the hypothesis that boys have greater variability than girls in creativity test performance. However, results using the boy/girl ratios from different regions of the creativity score distribution revealed a pattern of male superiority. While boys significantly outnumbered girls in the higher extremes, girls tended to outnumber boys in the central region and the lower extremes. Results from an analysis of the means lent further support to the findings of male superiority. Plausible explanations for greater male variability and male superiority in Mainland China are proposed. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882-886
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume55
Issue number8
Early online dateAug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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Creativity
China
Students

Citation

He, W.-j., Wong, W.-c., Li, Y., & Xu, H. N. (2013). A study of the greater male variability hypothesis in creative thinking in Mainland China: Male superiority exists. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(8), 882-886.

Keywords

  • Greater male variability hypothesis
  • Gender
  • Male superiority
  • Creative thinking
  • TCT-DP
  • Mainland China
  • Variance ratio
  • Gender ratio