A school-based physical activity intervention for children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial

Cindy Hui-ping SIT, Jane Jie YU, Stephen Heung-sang WONG, Catherine Mamaid CAPIO, Richard MASTERS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have lower physical activity (PA) than children with typical development (TD). PA and fundamental movement skills (FMS) are positively associated so interventions that promote FMS of children with DCD are recommended.
Aim: To examine the effects of a school-based FMS training program on motor functions, PA and other psychological outcomes.
Methods and procedures: A total of 131 primary children were allocated to FMS training groups (DCD-FMS n = 35, TD-FMS n = 29), which received FMS training (eight weekly 40-min sessions), or to control groups (DCD-C n = 34, TD-C n = 33), which received conventional physical education lessons. Outcome measures, including accelerometer-assessed PA, motor functions, and self-perceived competence and enjoyment, were measured at baseline, 1-week (immediate effect), 3-months (short-term effect) and 12-months (longer-term effect) after the intervention.
Outcomes and results: FMS training resulted in improved FMS proficiency and increased PA and enjoyment of activity participation in children. In particular, the DCD-FMS group reported greater enjoyment over time. Some effects were also evident for both short- and longer-term.
Conclusions and implications: The findings suggest that a school-based FMS training program has the potential to promote physical and psychological health in children with DCD in the long run. Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume89
Early online dateMar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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Motor Skills Disorders
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Psychology
Education
Physical Education and Training
Mental Competency
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Control Groups

Bibliographical note

Sit, C. H.-P., Yu, J. J., Wong, S. H.-S., Capio, C. M., & Masters, R. (2019). A school-based physical activity intervention for children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 89, 1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.03.004

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • School-based intervention
  • Children
  • Developmental coordination disorder