Introduction: Although the importance of sexuality education has been recognized, Chinese rural students have limited access to sexual and reproductive information. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized comprehensive sexuality education curriculum package featuring cartoon animation on sexuality-related knowledge and skills, attitudes, and practices of primary school students.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study recruited 1725 students in grades 4–6 (aged 9–13) from eight primary schools sampled as school clusters in 2020 in China. Internet-based questionnaires from three intervention schools' participants were collected after trained schoolteachers had conducted six 45-min sexuality education sessions. We performed optimal full matching and treatment effects were estimated in the matched sample by outcome regression models that further adjusted the covariates.
Results: Compared with the control group, intervention group students achieved significantly higher scores by 3.35 out of 38 and 2.02 out of 34 in knowledge- and skill-based tests and attitudinal tests, respectively. For the five self-reported practices on genital care, the experimental group showed significantly better performance than the control group in genital hygiene, by 6.92%, 22.45%, and 30.66% higher rates in the overall prevalence of three proper practices of genital hygiene, with effect sizes larger for boys than girls.
Conclusions: Our sexuality education package effectively improved primary school students' sexuality-related knowledge, skills, attitudes, and hygiene practices. Our study suggests that the standardized curriculum package could be a promising approach to improving the quality and accessibility of sexuality education in underdeveloped rural China. Copyright © 2023 Foundation for Professionals in Services to Adolescents.
CitationWang, K., Xu, S. S., Liu, Z., Wang, W., Hee, J., & Tang, K. (2023). A quasi-experimental study on the effectiveness of a standardized comprehensive sexuality education curriculum for primary school students. Journal of Adolescence. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1002/jad.12235
- Comprehensive sexuality education
- Genital hygiene
- Primary school
- Propensity score matching
- Rural China