A multi-level framework for self-management in school

W. M. CHEUNG, Yin Cheong CHENG

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32 Citations (Scopus)


Attempts to conceptualize a framework for understanding and implementing self-management in school from a multi-level perspective. Proposes that there are three levels of self-management in school; namely, the school level, the group level and the individual level. Each level of self-management follows a self-propelling and cyclic process comprising five stages. By following these self-management cycles, the school, the groups and its individual staff members are sensitive to environmental changes and capable of self-learning and development. In order to implement self-management successfully, various conditions at the three levels are to be fulfilled. Also discusses the importance of school leadership and mission. It is hoped that this framework could provide a comprehensive view of self-management in school and consequently contribute to the worldwide ongoing school management reforms and school development research. Copyright © 1996 MCB University Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-29
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996


Cheung, W. M., & Cheng, Y. C. (1996). A multi-level framework for self-management in school. International Journal of Educational Management, 10(1), 17-29. doi: 10.1108/09513549610105335


  • Autonomous work groups
  • Schools
  • Self‐managing teams
  • Teachers


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