A field experimental study on recolonization and succession of subtidal macrobenthic community in sediment contaminated with industrial wastes

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Abstract

A field experiment was carried out in Hong Kong to study the patterns of recolonization and succession of subtidal macrobenthos in defaunated sediment contaminated with industrial wastes and to determine the time required for benthic recovery in the industrial-contaminated sediment. A total of 50 species was found with an average of 172 animals/tray and 24 species/tray recorded one month after deployment. Initial colonizers were predominantly polychaetes (96 animals/tray, accounting for 55.7%) and gastropods (47 animals/tray, accounting for 27.2%). Abundance of macrobenthos increased quickly to a peak (505 animals/tray) after four months, declined afterwards, and increased again till the end of the experiment. Species number peaked (57 species/tray) in the same month as abundance did, and gradually declined thereafter. Abundance, species number and diversity were significantly lower in the industrial-contaminated sediment as compared to the controls during the early successional stages, indicating the harmful effects of industrial wastes on recolonization and succession of macrobenthos. Although no significant differences in community parameters between the industrial-contaminated and the control sediments were found after eleven months, significant difference in species composition still existed after fourteen months, showing a relatively long-term impact of industrial wastes on macrobenthic community structure. Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-205
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

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industrial wastes
Industrial wastes
recolonization
trays
industrial waste
Sediments
Animals
experimental study
sediments
macrobenthos
sediment
animal
animals
Experiments
Recovery
gastropod
Polychaeta
Gastropoda
community structure
Chemical analysis

Citation

Lu, L., & Wu, R. S. S. (2007). A field experimental study on recolonization and succession of subtidal macrobenthic community in sediment contaminated with industrial wastes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(2), 195-205. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.10.004

Keywords

  • Recolonization
  • Succession
  • Macrobenthic community
  • Sediment
  • Contamination
  • Industrial wastes