A critical analysis of sources, pollution, and remediation of selenium, an emerging contaminant

Habib ULLAH, Lu LUN, Audil RASHID, Noor ZADA, Baoliang CHEN, Asfandyar SHAHAB, Ping LI, Muhammad Ubaid ALI, Siyi LIN, Ming Hung WONG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Selenium (Se) is an essential metalloid and is categorized as emerging anthropogenic contaminant released to the environment. The rise of Se release into the environment has raised concern about its bioaccumulation, toxicity, and potential to cause serious damages to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem. Therefore, it is extremely important to monitor Se level in environment on a regular basis. Understanding Se release, anthropogenic sources, and environmental behavior is critical for developing an effective Se containment strategy. The ongoing efforts of Se remediation have mostly emphasized monitoring and remediation as an independent topics of research. However, our paper has integrated both by explaining the attributes of monitoring on effective scale followed by a candid review of widespread technological options available with specific focus on Se removal from environmental media. Another novel approach demonstrated in the article is the presentation of an overwhelming evidence of limitations that various researchers are confronted with to overcome achieving effective remediation. Furthermore, we followed a holistic approach to discuss ways to remediate Se for cleaner environment especially related to introducing weak magnetic field for ZVI reactivity enhancement. We linked this phenomenal process to electrokinetics and presented convincing facts in support of Se remediation, which has led to emerge ‘membrane technology’, as another viable option for remediation. Hence, an interesting, innovative and future oriented review is presented, which will undoubtedly seek attention from global researchers. Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1389
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Early online dateAug 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


Ullah, H., Lun, L., Rashid, A., Zada, N., Chen, B., Shahab, A., . . . Wong, M. H. (2023). A critical analysis of sources, pollution, and remediation of selenium, an emerging contaminant. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 45, 1359-1389. doi: 10.1007/s10653-022-01354-1


  • Selenium
  • Contamination
  • Remediation technology
  • Bioremediation
  • Waste water


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