A continuous flow membrane bio-reactor releases the feedback inhibition of self-generated free organic carbon on cbb gene transcription of a typical chemoautotrophic bacterium to improve its CO₂ fixation efficiency

Saiwei ZHANG, Lei WANG, Xiaohua FU, Yiu Fai TSANG, Kanchan MAITI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

Since the free organic carbon (FOC) generated by chemoautotrophic bacterium self has a feedback inhibition effect on its growth and carbon fixation, a continuous flow membrane bio-reactor was designed to remove extracellular FOC (EFOC) and release its inhibition effect. The promotion effect of membrane reactor on growth and carbon fixation of typical chemoautotrophic bacterium and its mechanism were studied. The accumulated apparent carbon fixation yield in membrane reactor was 3.24 times that in the control reactor. The EFOC per unit bacteria and cbb gene transcription level in membrane reactor were about 0.41 times and 11.18 times that in control reactor in late stage, respectively. Membrane reactor separated out EFOC, especially the small molecules, which facilitated the release of intracellular FOC, thereby releasing the inhibition of FOC on cbb gene transcription, thus promoting growth and carbon fixation of the typical chemoautotrophic bacterium. This study lays a foundation for enhancing carbon fixation by chemoautotrophic bacteria and expands the application field of membrane reactor. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Article number143186
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Early online date21 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Oct 2020

Citation

Zhang, S., Wang, L., Fu, X., Tsang, Y. F., & Maiti, K. (2020). A continuous flow membrane bio-reactor releases the feedback inhibition of self-generated free organic carbon on cbb gene transcription of a typical chemoautotrophic bacterium to improve its CO₂ fixation efficiency. Science of the Total Environment. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143186

Keywords

  • CO₂ fixation
  • Chemoautotrophic bacterium
  • Free organic carbon
  • cbb gene
  • Continuous flow membrane bio-reactor

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