A colorimetric and fluorescent dual-channel cyanide ion probe using crosslinked polymer microspheres functionalized with protonated Brooker's merocyanine

Kun XIAO, Ying Tian NIE, Cheng Bin GONG, Xiao-xiao OU, Qian TANG, Cheuk Fai Stephen CHOW

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the development of a colorimetric and fluorescent cyanide probe based on crosslinked polymer microspheres functionalized with a protonated merocyanine. The functionalised microspheres were prepared by free radical polymerization using 4-((E)-2-[(4-hydroxylphenyl) ethenyl-1-allyl pyridinium bromide as the functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the crosslinker, and azobisisobutylnitrile as the radical initiator. Upon introducing CN⁻ to a suspension of the functionalised microspheres in ethanol/H₂O (9:1, v/v), a change from yellow to red and a decrease in fluorescence intensity at 497 nm were immediately observed. This CN⁻ probe can be reversed many times, which is cost efficient and beneficial to the environment. Analytical application of the functionlised microspheres to measure CN⁻ concentration in spiked water samples was explored with good recoveries. Thus, the colorimetric and fluorescent CN⁻ probe has high potential for the ultrasensitive detection of CN⁻ in real samples. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume116
Early online dateJan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

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Cyanides
Microspheres
Polymers
Ions
Free radical polymerization
Ethylene glycol
Bromides
Suspensions
Ethanol
Monomers
Fluorescence
Recovery
merocyanine
Water
Costs

Bibliographical note

Xiao, K., Nie, H.-m., Gong, C.-b., Ou, X.-x., Tang, Q., & Chow, C.-f. (2015). A colorimetric and fluorescent dual-channel cyanide ion probe using crosslinked polymer microspheres functionalized with protonated Brooker's merocyanine. Dyes and Pigments, 116, 82-88.

Keywords

  • Colorimetric chemosensor
  • Fluorescent chemosensor
  • Protonated Brooker's merocyanine
  • Cyanide ion
  • Crosslinked polymer microspheres
  • Environmental monitoring