A CMI-triplization paradigm for reforming education in the new millennium

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This article proposes a new paradigm including the concepts of contextualized multiple intelligences (CMIs) and triplization for reforming education. A pentagon theory is developed as the base for learning and teaching, to help students develop the necessary CMIs in the new century. Then the article illustrates the concepts and processes of triplization, including globalization, localization, and individualization, and explains why they together can provide a completely new paradigm to reform school education, curricula and pedagogy and how they can substantially contribute to the development of CMIs, of not only students, but also teachers and schools. Finally, the implications of the new paradigm for changing curricula and pedagogy are advanced. It is hoped that the new century education can support students becoming CMI citizens, who will be engaged in life-long learning and will creatively contribute to building up a multiple intelligence society and global village. Copyright © 2000 Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-174
JournalThe International Journal of Educational Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


Cheng, Y. C. (2000). A CMI-triplization paradigm for reforming education in the new millennium. The International Journal of Educational Management, 14(4), 156-174.


  • Education
  • Improvement
  • Paradigm
  • Society


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