A Chinese Chan-based mind-body intervention improves sleep on patients with depression: A randomized controlled trial

Agnes S. CHAN, Queenie Y. WONG, Sophia L. SZE, Patrick P. K. KWONG, Yvonne Ming Yee HAN, Mei Chun CHEUNG

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sleep disturbance is a common problem associated with depression, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a more common behavioral intervention for sleep problems. The present study compares the effect of a newly developed Chinese Chan-based intervention, namely Dejian mind-body intervention (DMBI), with the CBT on improving sleep problems of patients with depression. Seventy-five participants diagnosed with major depressive disorder were randomly assigned to receive 10 weekly sessions of CBT or DMBI, or placed on a waitlist. Measurements included ratings by psychiatrists who were blinded to the experimental design, and a standardized questionnaire on sleep quantity and quality was obtained before and after the 10-week intervention. Results indicated that both the CBT and DMBI groups demonstrated significantly reduced sleep onset latency and wake time after sleep onset (effect size range = 0.46–1.0, P ≤ 0.05) as compared to nonsignificant changes in the waitlist group (P > 0.1). Furthermore, the DMBI group, but not the CBT or waitlist groups, demonstrated significantly reduced psychiatrist ratings on overall sleep problems (effect size = 1.0, P = 0.00) and improved total sleep time (effect size = 0.8, P = 0.05) after treatment. The present findings suggest that a Chinese Chan-based mind-body intervention has positive effects on improving sleep in individuals with depression. Copyright © 2012 Agnes S. Chan et al. 
Original languageEnglish
Article number235206
JournalThe Scientific World Journal
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Citation

Chan, A. S., Wong, Q. Y., Sze, S. L., Kwong, P. P. K., Han, Y. M. Y., & Cheung, M.-c. (2012). A Chinese Chan-based mind-body intervention improves sleep on patients with depression: A randomized controlled trial. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, art. no. 235206.

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