The term ‘hikikomori’ originates from Japan and means ‘acute social withdrawal’. This study intends to investigate into the causes of hikikomori which is increasing worldwide phenomenon. The methodology is a case study approach located in an interpretive paradigm. The data was mainly collected through e-mails with the participant and phone conversations with his mother. The participant was a ‘hikikomorian’ who was invited to investigate his own problem and further to be the co-author of this paper. The literature findings and this case study were then conceptualized into a more wide-ranging framework in comprehending the process of hikikomorization. The result appears to show that hikikomorization involves three processes: first, a predisposed introverted personality; second, the effects of multiple environmental factors such as family, school and society; and finally, the trigger point, such as the end of schooling or a stressful event. The study offers implications for other hikikomorians in better understanding of their problems and for practitioners working with reclusive adolescents and their families. Copyright © 2012 Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje and Macedonian Association of Special Educators.
CitationChong, S. S.-c., & Chan, K.-M. (2012). A case study of a Chinese 'hikikomorian' in Canada: Theorizing the process of hikikomorization. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 13(3-4), 99-114.
- Social withdrawal
- Case study