A case study of a Chinese 'hikikomorian' in Canada: Theorizing the process of hikikomorization

Suk Ching Stella CHONG, Kar Mon CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The term ‘hikikomori’ originates from Japan and means ‘acute social withdrawal’. This study intends to investigate into the causes of hikikomori which is increasing worldwide phenomenon. The methodology is a case study approach located in an interpretive paradigm. The data was mainly collected through e-mails with the participant and phone conversations with his mother. The participant was a ‘hiki­ko­morian’ who was invited to investigate his own problem and further to be the co-author of this paper. The literature findings and this case study were then conceptualized into a more wide-ranging framework in compre­hen­ding the process of hikikomorization. The result appears to show that hikikomorization involves three processes: first, a predisposed introverted personality; second, the effects of multiple environmental factors such as family, school and society; and finally, the trigger point, such as the end of schooling or a stressful event. The study offers implications for other hiki­ko­mo­rians in better understanding of their problems and for practitioners working with reclusive ado­lescents and their families. Copyright © 2012 Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje and Macedonian Association of Special Educators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-114
JournalJournal of Special Education and Rehabilitation
Volume13
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Canada
Trigger Points
Special Education
Postal Service
e-mail
special education
withdrawal
rehabilitation
Personality
environmental factors
Japan
personality
conversation
Rehabilitation
Mothers
educator
paradigm
adolescent
cause
event

Citation

Chong, S. S.-c., & Chan, K.-M. (2012). A case study of a Chinese 'hikikomorian' in Canada: Theorizing the process of hikikomorization. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 13(3-4), 99-114.

Keywords

  • Hikikomori
  • Social withdrawal
  • Case study